The Alliance

Spotlight Series

The executive insight series is designed for healthcare senior executives. These brief, bi-annual issues focus on topics relevant to top-tier hospital leadership. For each topic, you can find related references, resources, and tools.

Spotlight Series Past Issues

Exclusive Access

Take advantage of our 2021 professional partnership levels of support to receive exclusive early access to The Alliance Insight Series publications.

You’ll still have access to all our materials when they go online one month after publication.

*Bronze Circle is a one-time introductory level for first-time Professional Partner organizations. While this opportunity carries limited benefits, it is intended to provide introductory access to The Alliance’s diverse programs and learning solutions. Current Professional Partners are exempt from this option.
SpotlightSeries TheAlliance V5VC
A Vascularized Composite Allograft (VCA) transplant refers to the transfer of multiple tissues such as skin, bone, nerves, and blood vessels, as a functional unit from a deceased donor to a recipient.

Vascularized Composite Allograft Transplants

A Vascularized Composite Allograft (VCA) transplant refers to the transfer of multiple tissues such as skin, bone, nerves, and blood vessels, as a functional unit from a deceased donor to a recipient. The most commonly known VCA transplants are hand, arm, and face, however, VCA transplants also include other body parts such as genitalia. The VCA grafts recovered serve as potential replacements for traumatic tissue losses and can restore physical appearance and abilities in ways that artificial limbs and invasive surgeries cannot.

Implementing VCA Organ Transplants

The practice of VCA transplantation is in early development throughout the United States. Consequently, the best practices associated with VCA donation have yet to be defined and are currently based on the individual experiences of OPOs and Transplant Centers who have established their own protocols.

Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs) 

  • For OPOs who are interested in facilitating VCA recoveries or who are in partnership with a prospective VCA program, it is beneficial to work with an established local or regional VCA program and their affiliated OPO to adopt best practices and avoid any pitfalls.
  • Invite established programs to share their experiences, ask them about their journey in preparing for these transplants, learn their goals for the program going forward, help them understand your OPO’s process, and engage them in training your staff.
  • Educate your hospital partners by incorporating the VCA recovery process into your existing presentation.

Hospitals and Transplant Centers

  • It is highly recommended that all hospitals considering implementing VCA transplants consult with their CMS-designated OPO for education on the entire donation process.
  • Develop a comprehensive plan, in collaboration with your OPO, on how to facilitate VCA recoveries prior to the donation occurring as well as while it’s occurring.
  • Consult with your PR department to identify a plan on how to address the foreseeable media attention that transplants of this nature will attract.
  • For more information on VCA implementation, visit OPTN VCA Oversight.


To ensure transparency in the donation request, authorization for VCA is never assumed to be part of the standard donor designation. VCA requires is own separate authorization. It must be specifically stated by the individual on their donor registration or by the legal next-of-kin authorizing donation at the time of death. See VCA Donor Authorization Guide.


Similar to transplantable organs, VCAs can only tolerate a limited ischemia time, require rapid re-establishment of blood flow and require donor-recipient matching. Likewise, the criteria for donor-recipient matching in traditional transplants also apply to VCAs. Additional factors, such as skin tone, body size and gender will also be evaluated. See OPTN Allocation of Vascularized Composite Allografts (Policy 12).


There are confidentiality and logistical concerns associated with organ procurements, especially when they involve VCA donations. Given the unfamiliar nature of these recoveries, it’s important to develop a clear plan with the operating room. Set realistic expectations to ensure the appropriate room and staff are selected for the case. Be transparent about the intricacies of the recovery process and establish direct communication between the ICU, OR and transplant teams. See VCA OR Recovery

The content of this issue is based on a webinar presentation by Samantha Endicott, MPH, CPTC (Regional Manager, New England Donor Services, Waltham, MA) and Michael Harnois, CPTC (Donation Coordinator II, New England Donor Services, Waltham, MA). A special thanks to Samantha and Michael for their contributions to this in-service.

A Special Thanks to This Series’ Contributors

Corey Bryant
About the Editor |
Corey Bryant

Corey Bryant brings nearly 15 years of communications experience to The Alliance, having served in communications and public relations roles for Disney Parks and Resorts, Disney Cruise Line and TransLife (now OurLegacy), the OPO serving East Central Florida. He has also been an active board member of Donate Life Florida, having served as state team leader for Driver License Outreach. Corey is a proud alum of The University of Alabama and serves on the board of directors for Come Out With Pride Orlando as well as Five Horizons Health Services, a not-for-profit organization providing access to progressive HIV testing, prevention and LGBT+ focused healthcare throughout West Alabama and East Mississippi.

Deanna Fenton
About the Editor |
Deanna Fenton

Deanna is a knowledgeable and versatile professional with diverse experiences in healthcare, client relations, marketing, project management and demonstrated skills in leadership and advocacy. Prior to joining The Alliance, she worked in Hospital Development at her local OPO in the state of New Jersey where she served as the clinical liaison to a number of Level 1 Trauma & Neuroscience centers as well as community hospitals. Her personal connection as a donor family and friend fuels her passion to support her colleagues across the donation-transplantation continuum through the development of valuable educational resources that ultimately boost performance and improve outcome measures. Deanna holds a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and a minor degree in Public Health from Montclair State University. In her spare time, Deanna enjoys visiting vineyards, spending time with her family, and traveling in hopes of visiting all seven wonders of the world.

Advancing All.

The Alliance is not a membership organization and therefore relies on annual voluntary financial support from OPOs and transplant programs who find value in our programs and initiatives.

We invite you to join us as a 2021 professional partner